Maria Ontiveros

Maria Linda Ontiveros

Professor Emerita

Faculty Emeritus


Professor Maria Linda Ontiveros is the Co-Director of USF's Work Law and Justice Program and focuses her scholarly work on employment law with an emphasis on immigrant workers' rights. She publishes and presents regularly on a variety of related topics, including the history of immigrant workers, workplace harassment of women of color, organized labor, immigrants and the Thirteenth Amendment, and access to education for children of undocumented workers. Ontiveros is co–author of Employment Discrimination Law: Cases and Materials on Equality in the Workplace, and the author of numerous articles and book chapters.


  • Discrimination
  • Race
  • Employment Law
  • Immigration
  • Labor and Employment Law
  • Latino Issues


  • JSD, Stanford University
  • JD, Harvard University
  • MILR, Cornell University
  • AB, UC Berkeley

Prior Experience

  • Associate, Heller, Ehrman, White & McAuliffe
  • Raychem Corporation
  • Professor, Golden Gate University School of Law


  • Employment Discrimination Law, Cases and Materials on Equality in the Workplace (West Academic Publishing, 10th Edition, 2020) (Co-authored with Roberto Corrada, Michael Selmi, Nicole Porter, Marcia McCormick)

Law Review and Journal Articles

  • “Liquidated Damages' in Guest Worker Contracts: Involuntary Servitude, Debt Peonage or Valid Contract Clause?,” 19 Nevada Law Journal (2018). Liquidated Damages' SSRN
  • “Immigrant Workers and Workplace Discrimination: Overturning the Missed Opportunity of Title VII Under Espinoza v. Farah,” 39 Berkeley Journal of Employment and Labor Law (2018). Immigrant Workers and Workplace Discrimination SSRN
  • “H-1B Visas, Outsourcing and Body Shops: A Continuum of Exploitation for High Tech Workers,” 38 Berkeley Journal of Employment & Labor Law (2017). SSRN
  • “Introduction: The Thirteenth Amendment Through the Lens of Class and Labor,” 39 Seattle University Law Review 659 (2016). Read more
  • “Is Modern Day Slavery a Private Act of a Public System of Oppression?,” 39 Seattle University Law Review 655 (2016). SSRN
  • “NCAA Athletes, Unpaid Interns and the S-Word: Exploring the Rhetorical Impact of the Language of Slavery,” 2015 Michigan State Law Review, Symposium Issue 1658 (2015). SSRN
  • “The Fundamental Nature of Title VII,” 75 Ohio State Law Journal 1165 (2014). SSRN
  • “Migrant Labour in the United States: Working Beneath the Floor for Free Labour?,” Migrants at Work: Immigration and Vulnerability in Labour Law (2014). SSRN
  • “A Strategic Plan for Using the Thirteenth Amendment to Protect Immigrant Workers,” 27 Wisconsin Journal of Law, Gender & Society 133 (2012).
  • “Building a Movement with Immigrant Workers: The 1972-74 Strike and Boycott at Farah Manufacturing,” 5 Employee Rights and Employment Policy Journal 479 (2011). SSRN
  • “Labor Union Coalition Challenges to Governmental Actions: Defending the Civil Rights of Low Wage Workers,” University of Chicago Legal Forum 103 (2009). SSRN
  • “Out of the Shadows and into the Spotlight: Immigrants and Organized Labor,” 11(1) WorkingUSA: The Journal of Labor and Society 157 (2008).
  • “The Thirteenth Amendment and Access to Education for Children of Undocumented Workers: A New Look at Plyler v. Doe,” 42 University of San Francisco Law Review 1045 (2008). (Co-authored with Joshua R. Drexler.) SSRN
  • “Immigrant Rights and the Thirteenth Amendment,” (16)2 New Labor Forum 26 (2007).
  • “Noncitizen Immigrant Labor and the Thirteenth Amendment: Challenging Guest Worker Programs,” 38 University of Toledo Law Review 923 (2007). (Symposium: A New Birth of Freedom: The Thirteenth Amendment — Past, Present and Future.) SSRN
  • “Immigrant Workers' Rights in a Post-Hoffman World: Organizing Around the Thirteenth Amendment,” 18 Georgetown Immigration Law Journal 651 (2004).
  • “Lessons from the Fields: Female Farmworkers and the Law,” 55 Maine Law Review 157 (2003). (Symposium Issue)
  • “Work in the 21st Century — Creating the Social Architecture,” 37 University of San Francisco Law Review 511 (2003). (Symposium: Work in the 21st Century)
  • “Introduction: Forging Our Identity: Transformative Resistance in the Areas of Work, Class, and the Law,” 33 U.C. Davis Law Review 1057 (2000). (LatCrit IV Symposium: "Rotating Centers, Expanding Frontiers: LatCrit Theory and Marginal Intersections")
  • “Adoptive Admissions and the Meaning of Silence: Continuing the Inquiry into Evidence Law and Issues of Race, Class, Gender, and Ethnicity,” 28 Southwestern University Law Review 337 (1999).
  • “A Vision of Global Capitalism that Puts Women and People of Color at the Center,” 3 Journal of Small and Emerging Business Law 27 (1999). (Symposium Issue)
  • “Fictionalizing Harassment/Disclosing the Truth,” 93 Michigan Law Review 1375 (1995). (Reviewing Michael Crichton's Disclosure and Celia Morris's Bearing Witness)
  • “Rosa Lopez, David Letterman, Christopher Darden, and Me: Issues of Gender, Ethnicity, and Class in Evaluating Witness Credibility,” 6 Hastings Women's Law Journal 135 (1995).
  • “Three Perspectives on Workplace Harassment of Women of Color,” 23 Golden Gate University Law Review 817 (1993). (The article was reprinted in Critical Race Feminism: A Reader (1997) and in The Latino/A Condition: A Critical Reader (1998)
  • “To Help Those Most in Need: Undocumented Workers' Rights and Remedies Under Title VII,” 20 New York University Review of Law and Social Change 607 (1993-1994).
  • “The Myths of Market Forces, Mothers and Private Employment: The Parental Leave Veto,” 1 Cornell Journal of Law & Public Policy 25 (1992).