Mexican Supreme Court Justice Examines Justice System Reforms
Mexico Supreme Court Justice Fernando Franco addressed the USF law community on Sept. 15 about significant reforms to the Mexican justice system and what is necessary for their successful implementation.
His visit to campus follows a series of significant state reforms in Mexico that fundamentally change the basic laws and institutions of the country, including reforms to the justice system. Justice Franco spoke of the challenges of these far-reaching reforms.
“The new constitutional framework was constructed with the aim of placing the citizen at the center of the judicial protection,” he said. “The new constitutional framework possesses a major challenge for our country: the consolidation of the rule of law in Mexico, that is, to make our legal norms a reality.”
There need to be several reforms, he said, including in the areas of human rights, the criminal justice system, economic market competition and telecommunications, and access to civic justice for minor disputes.
“The main thing is transparency, so it’s not secret what’s going on inside the court. Second, we are changing all our structures so they function better, and this takes work and time,” he said. “It’s not from one day to another, but we are going down that path to get the system to work as perfectly as we possibly can. Thirdly, we are changing as a society to understand these judicial changes.”
Dean John Trasviña concluded the event saying, “Anything that happens in Mexico has an effect on those of us in the state of California, so we’re happy to know about the path forward.”
Justice Franco, an expert in electoral and labor law, has served as associate justice of the Supreme Court of Mexico since 2006. He previously served as president of the Second Chamber of the Supreme Court of Mexico; federal undersecretary of labor, security, and social security; secretary general of the Chamber of Congress; undersecretary of political development in the Ministry of Interior; and president magistrate of the Federal Electoral Tribunal. He has also been a also been a full-time professor at the law school at the Instituto Tecnologico Autonomo de Mexico, teaching constitutional, parliamentary, and electoral law.