The University of San Francisco: Gleeson Library
Library with Yellow Flowers
Center for Research Libraries
Ask A Librarian

Citing Sources

editCiting your sources is an important part of research. Here are some resources to help you manage and cite your references.

Consult your instructor about which style format to use. For help with improving your writing skills, see the Writing Center resources.

RefWorks 

An online reference manager brought to you by the Library. 

Create your own personal database of references which are correctly formatted in any citation style you choose: APA, MLA, and hundreds more. Insert citations into your research papers and automatically create the bibliography.

Start by creating your personal RefWorks account with your own login and password.

Zotero 

Generate bibliographies and organize PDFs with this free, open source citation management tool. 

Visit Zotero.org to download Zotero and set up an account. Loyola Marymount University has created some great video tutorials on how to get started with the standalone version of Zotero and how to integrate Zotero with your word processor.

OWL Purdue OWL

Our favorite style guide web site is the OWL from Purdue University.

Start from their Research and Citation Resources main page, or go directly to their sections for citing in:

Check their left-hand menu to see all types of citation examples.

Chicago Manual of Style Online 

The Chicago Manual of Style is now available online, with state-of-the-art recommendations on editorial style and publishing practices in the digital age. It includes a citation quick guide; and for numerous specific examples, see chapters 14 and 15.

More Online Style Guides

General Style Guides APA Style (American Psychological Association)
  • APA Style by Northern Michigan University, Lydia M. Olson Library
Chigaco/Turabian Style ASA Style (American Sociological Association) Other Styles (ASA, CBE, etc.)

Citing Government Information

Citing Electronic Sources:

For MLA citations, check out these pages:

For citing essays in Opposing Viewpoints databases, see this guide.
 
For the APA style, try these pages:

For citing essays in Opposing Viewpoints databases, see this guide.

For styles other than MLA or APA, see Bedford St. Martin's Citation Styles Guide.

Style Books in the Library

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 

MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers 

ASA style Guide  / American Sociological Association

A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations  / Kate Turabian

Chicago Manual of Style 
Online