Editor's Note by Paige Isaacson

This year's International Affairs Review set out to find student work that best exemplified the University of San Francisco's mission statement, Change the World from Here. From photo essays documenting one student's experience of teaching students in Palestine refugee camps, to U.S.-Mexico Border issues, this journal encompasses a wide range of topics. In our modern world, there are numerous injustices and abuses of human rights. While some of these capture the attention of the media, there are also a multitude of social justice movements and people working towards a more humane world that go unnoticed. The International Affairs Review focuses on Social Justice in a Changing World by publishing the work of five student authors and exploring their experiences related to international politics and human rights.

"Children and the Theatre of the Oppressed," by Maija Rivenburg, is a firsthand account of the author's travels to Uganda for a summer. She spent weeks living in with young students and teaching them the importance of creativity and self-expression through theater. By connecting her work to the history of the Theatre of the Oppressed, which is rooted in African history during the time of resistance to apartheid and colonialism, Rivenburg was able to relate her teachings to the theme of social justice. While in Uganda, she taught students about their internationally sanctioned legal rights under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, and she helped the school face the issue of rampant corporal punishment. She used the Legislative Theater program to give students the tools to express their thoughts and concerns about how their society was organized. Children and the Theatre of the Oppressed is an interesting essay with a unique case study that gives insight on the development of children through theater.

"The Eye in the Sky," by Tyler Cole, is a research study done on the damaging effects of drones in modern warfare. With a focus on antiterrorism campaigns and the United States' increasing use of the method in combat, Cole's article details the devastating effects of drones on civilians in recent years. Giving a comprehensive overview of what a drone is and how it has removed the human from direct experience of warfare, Cole presents the benefits and the disadvantages of this new technology. While drones have reduced the number of soldiers who go into physical combat, they have a tendency to cause unintended civilian casualties. The inability to discriminate between those in uniform and those who are noncombatants, simply living their daily lives in war-torn areas, by a drone operator thousands of miles from the combat zone is the root of the problem. Cole also describes the moving testimony of a young man from Yemen, who testified to Congress that the use of drones is counterproductive for U.S. foreign policy since the high number of civilian casualties undermines any gains made through the elimination of actual terrorists. The Eye in the Sky clearly explains drone usage and presents a comprehensive study of their deadly effects on innocent civilians in the Middle East and Central Asia.

The third essay, "Paris: A Global City and its Immigrants," by Lucy Lyford, explores the significant contributions immigrants bring to a city, and how their culture helps shape that of the larger society. Through an in-depth explanation of the unjust working conditions immigrants must endure in Paris, Lyford provides the reader a better understanding of daily life for immigrants – and the children of long-time residents from outside of France – and how they are disadvantaged in comparison to the native French citizens. But through rap music, these immigrants are able to express themselves and voice their needs, which gives them something unique to hold on to and call their own. The music mixes immigrant and Parisian cultures to form a new identity for these citizens, allowing them to step out of the shadows of marginalization.

Finally, Valeria Vera's "Border Patrol's Not-So-Secret: TheNormalized Abuse of Migrant Women on the U.S.-Mexico Border" poignantly describes the widespread human rights abuses that committed against immigrants to the United States. Due to the militarization of the border after the terrorist attacks of 9/11, Vera argues, border patrol agents have become increasingly militarized. This essay explores the connections between militarization, masculine identity and their effects on the normalization of sexual abuse against immigrant women. The role that gender plays in unfair treatment of immigrants prompts the reader to question why these atrocities happen. Vera's work is strongly written, giving the audience a comprehensive account and description of ongoing human rights abuses, forcing the reader to question how it is they are allowed to continue.

Lastly, the photo essay published by Julia Pereira, entitled "Eight Letters," gives a visual description of life in Palestinian refugee camps. Pereira spent a summer living and teaching English in a refugee camp in Lebanon. Her photos show the connectedness and community among the refugees. It is interesting to see how, even miles away from their homeland, these people are still able to hold on to their ties to Palestine. The photos allow the reader to peer inside the daily life and environment of these refugees, providing for a greater understanding and appreciation for the struggles they must endure.

Overall, this year's International Affairs Review successfully presents student work that illustrates social justice in a changing world. Immigration, human rights, and justice are the prominent themes that run throughout this peer-reviewed journal. "Paris: A Global City and its Immigrants" and "Border Patrol's Not-So-Secret: The Normalized Abuse of Migrant Women on the U.S.-Mexico Border" both reflect on the issues that immigration pose, and how our globalized world becomes evermore connected and complicated with a influx of people from one nation to another, along with the mix of culture as a result of this migration. "Children and the Theatre of the Oppressed" and "Eye in The Sky" explore the connections of social justice through humane practices. Additionally, the photo essay "Eight Letters" symbolizes the underlying theme that runs through all of these works: the enforcement of international laws to better humanity.